Remarkable Achievements Of the Kaziranga National Park

Had it not been for the efforts of Mary Curzon, wife of Lord Curzon of Kedleston, the viceroy of British India, the great one-horned rhinoceroses would have vanished from India. In the early twentieth century when she visited the region, now a wildlife national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, there wasn’t  a single rhinoceros in sight. Mary Curzon persuaded her husband to protect the rhino population of this region from extinction. This resulted in the creation of the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest on the 1st of June, 1905.

The area of this reserve forest was extended further from an initial 232 square kilometers, up to the banks of Brahmaputra River. This region was designated as a Reserve Forest in the year 1908 and re-designated as Kaziranga Game Sanctuary in 1916. A forest conservationist called P.D. Stacey renamed it as Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary in 1950. A bill passed by the Government of Assam in the year 1954 imposed severe penalties for the poaching of rhinos. Kaziranga became one of the national parks in India with the passing of Assam National Park Act in 1968. It was accorded the status of World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1985 for the uniqueness of its natural environment.

Over the years, this national park has received maximum protection under the laws of India for conservation of its abundant wildlife. Intense patrolling and construction of anti-poaching camps has helped in curbing the menace of poaching to a great extent.. In recent times, cameras are being used on drones and monitored by the park's security guards to protect the endangered species from armed poachers. Elevated regions have also been created for protecting the animals during the occurrence of floods. Many of the resorts in Kaziranga located close to the national parks provide excellent accommodation to tourists visiting this region.

Assam Bihu Festival

Assam is the beautiful combination of variety of landscapes, cultures and traditions bound together by the bonds of brotherhood. This northeastern Indian state has great reserves of wildlife flourishing in the dense jungles as well as some mixed vegetations like grasslands and wetlands. Bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Assam is popular for its treasures of rare wild animals and birds. Apart from all this the state having a rich heritage celebrates many interesting festivals as part of its cultural and traditional activities. 
Assam Festival
Assam Festival Bihu Dance

A part of the population stays at remote locations in the jungles and these tribal’s are popular for their tribal dances. Festivals of Assam are celebrations of the population in which people of all ages, cast and creeds take part voluntarily in the dances, while singing traditional songs. They express their joy by joining the community celebrations. Most of these festivals are having a religious background of worshipping the gods and goddesses. Tourists find these festivals of Assam as one of the appropriate occasions to peep inside the lives of the Asamese people. Participation of the people of different faith makes the festivals more colorful and interesting. Apart from the common festivals of India like Holi, Diwali, Durga Puja and Saraswati Puja some of the festivals like Baishagu, Ambubashi Mela, Bihu and Me-Dum-Me-Phi keep a perfect Asamese touch. Among these pure Asamese festivals Bihu Festival is the most popular festival of dance and entertainment. This national festival is totally based on the cycle of paddy from cultivation till harvesting, hence celebrated in many phases in which Magh Bihu is the celebration during harvesting period. 

Three types of Bihu festivals namely Rongaali Bihu, Kati Bihu and Magh Bihu celebrated throughout the year are the great moments of relaxation and entertainment in the form of dance and other cultural celebrations. Rongaali Bihu marks the arrival of Asamese New Year as well as the spring season in Assam. It is celebrated in groups by joining Bihu dance in the outskirts of villages while singing the traditional Bihu songs. Magh Bihu keeps more importance among all three and is the period of joy and happiness. 

Kaziranga Tourism Guide

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