Hoolongapar Gibbon Sanctuary: An abode of Hoolock Gibbons

Second-largest of the family of gibbons after the Siamang gibbons, Hoolocks range from 60 to 90 centimetres in size. They are found in north-east India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and south-west China. Male and female gibbons are about the same size, but differ in colour to a great extent. Females have greyish-brown fur, while the fur of males are black in colour with white brows. The Hoolock Gibbons feed on leaves, fruits, and insects; and can be seen swinging from one branch to another with their long arms. Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, located in the Indian state, Assam, has a sizeable population of these animal species.


The gibbon sanctuary was initially marked as a 'reserve forest' in the year 1881. In the early twentieth century, a rich variety of flora and fauna was developed with the introduction of artificial regeneration. On 30th July, 1997, it was constituted under Jorhat district and was named 'Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary'. Later, it was renamed by the Government of Assam as 'Hoolongapar Gibbon Sanctuary' on the 25th of May, 2004. A stay in any of the Kaziranga resorts would give tourists the convenience to visit this wildlife sanctuary and many others located nearby.

Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary has an abundance of wet evergreen forest areas, as it gets an average rainfall of about 249 centimetres annually. Semi-hydrophytic plants can be seen along the waterlogged region created by Bogdoi River along the border of this wildlife reserve. A rich biodiversity of the sanctuary also supports many species of wild animals, such as, Stump-tailed Macaque, Capped Langur, Leopard, Tiger, Indian Elephant and Bengal Slow Loris. Tourists who are on a vacation in Kaziranga region can reach Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary easily by road. The Mariani Railway Station is only a five-minute drive from this wildlife reserve, while the airport nearest to it located at Jorhat.

Kaziranga: An Ideal Abode For Endangered Species

Located in Nagaon and Golaghat districts of the Indian state, Assam, Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Among the Kaziranga attractions are the one-horned rhinoceroses that fascinate tourists visiting this wildlife reserve every year. Besides the rhinos, travellers can also find a sizeable population of tigers, swamp deer, elephants and wild water buffaloes. Birdlife International, a global partnership that works towards conservation of birds and their habitats, has recognized Kaziranga as an Important Bird Area. This national park has achieved commendable success in conservation of wild animals and birds as compared to other protected areas in the country.

Vast expanses of tall elephant grass, dense tropical forests, and marshland can be found in this region during a Kaziranga wildlife safari conducted with the help of elephants. Small bodies of water and major rivers crisscrossing the wildlife reserve support diverse varieties of flora and fauna. Visitors can watch their favourite species of wild animals, birds and reptiles in action while touring this national park on an elephant. Those who wish to cover most of the areas in Kaziranga within a short period of time can choose a Jeep Safari. All wildlife tours are conducted by trained nature guides, who have an excellent knowledge of the wildlife sanctuary.

Those looking for some exciting activities while vacationing around Kaziranga can enjoy trekking from Panbari and Kukurakata reserve forests. Best time to be in Kaziranga National Park is during the period between October and April, as it enjoys a favourable climate around this time of the year. Most of the resorts in Kaziranga provide comfortable accommodations at reasonable rates for the tourists. Rooms or cottages in some of them are tastefully designed using eco-friendly materials, which shows their commitment towards protecting the environment. Amenities provided in them include travel desk assistance, seasonal boating, and guided tours.

Kaziranga Tourism Guide

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